Key Points to Remember in Orthopedic | Fractures | NEET PG & AIAPGET | Dr Himanshu

Are you a medical student preparing for the AIAPGET or NEET PG exams? Do you want to ace these competitive exams and secure a seat in your dream PG program? Look no further As a medical student, you know how crucial it is to have a solid understanding of the subject matter and a well-planned […]

Are you a medical student preparing for the AIAPGET or NEET PG exams? Do you want to ace these competitive exams and secure a seat in your dream PG program? Look no further As a medical student, you know how crucial it is to have a solid understanding of the subject matter and a well-planned strategy to tackle the exams.

In this blog, we will provide you with a comprehensive guide to AIAPGET and NEET PG preparation, covering the essential topics, study tips, and exam strategies to help you achieve your goals. Whether you are a first-time aspirant or a seasoned candidate, our blog will equip you with the knowledge and skills you need to succeed in these exams.

Here are some important questions related to bone fractures that are frequently asked in postgraduate exams.

Radius

  1. Colles’ Fracture: A fracture of the distal radius, often caused by a fall onto an outstretched hand.
  2. Smith’s Fracture: A fracture of the distal radius, characterized by a dorsal and volar displacement.
  3. Galeazzi Fracture: A fracture of the distal radius with an associated fracture of the fibula.
  4. Barton’s Fracture: A fracture of the hook of the hamate bone.

Ulna

  1. Monteggia Fracture: A fracture of the proximal ulna with an associated dislocation of the radial head.
  2. Nightstick Fracture: A fracture of the proximal ulna, often caused by a direct blow.

Fibula

  1. Galeazzi Fracture: A fracture of the distal radius with an associated fracture of the fibula.
  2. Pilon Fracture: A fracture of the distal tibia, often caused by a high-energy trauma.

Tibia

  1. Pilon Fracture: A fracture of the distal tibia, often caused by a high-energy trauma.
  2. Tibial Plateau Fracture: A fracture of the tibial plateau, often caused by a direct blow.

Metacarpals

  1. Boxer’s Fracture: A fracture of the fifth metacarpal neck, often caused by a direct blow.

Metatarsals

  1. Jones Fracture: A fracture of the fifth metatarsal, often caused by a direct blow.

Vertebrae

  1. Compression Fracture of the Vertebrae: A fracture where the vertebrae are crushed.
  2. Wedge Fracture of the Vertebrae: A fracture where the vertebrae are wedged.
  3. Burst Fracture of the Vertebrae: A fracture where the vertebrae are broken into multiple pieces.
  4. Flexion Teardrop Fracture of the Vertebrae: A fracture where the vertebrae are broken and the anterior aspect is compressed.
  5. Extension Teardrop Fracture of the Vertebrae: A fracture where the vertebrae are broken and the posterior aspect is compressed.

Other

  1. Scaphoid Fracture: A fracture of the scaphoid bone in the wrist.
  2. Lunate Fracture: A fracture of the lunate bone in the wrist.
  3. Triquetrum Fracture: A fracture of the triquetrum bone in the wrist.
  4. Pisiform Fracture: A fracture of the pisiform bone in the wrist.
  5. Torus Fracture: A fracture where the bone is bent but not broken, often seen in children.
  6. Buckle Fracture: A fracture where the bone is bent but not broken, often seen in children.
  7. Fissure Fracture: A fracture where the bone is cracked but not broken, often seen in children.
  8. Hairline Fracture: A fracture where the bone is cracked but not broken, often seen in children.
  9. Non-Displaced Fracture: A fracture where the broken ends of the bone are still aligned.
  10. Displaced Fracture: A fracture where the broken ends of the bone are not aligned.
  11. Stable Fracture: A fracture where the broken ends of the bone are stable and do not move.
  12. Unstable Fracture: A fracture where the broken ends of the bone are unstable and move.
  13. Open Fracture: A fracture where the bone breaks through the skin.
  14. Closed Fracture: A fracture where the bone does not break through the skin.
  15. Partial Fracture: An incomplete break of the bone.
  16. Complete Fracture: A complete break of the bone causing it to be separated into two or more pieces.

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